In the 21st century, the commonly used lithium element in the battery making industries is currently being replaced by a number of other cost-effective, abundantly found as well as environment-friendly elements. At present, a highly electro-negative element in the periodic table that is fluoride has been tested positive for the task.
When lithium and fluoride batteries are compared then it has been found that the fluoride batteries are 10 times denser in terms of energy than the lithium ones. But till date, the element had to be heated up to 150° Celsius so as to render functional. However, a research group from Caltech, Honda, and NASA has found a solution which is a new liquid electrolyte named BTFE that permits fluoride to liquefy at a normal temperature. The prototype version of the battery consisted of lanthanum, fluorine, and copper along with it had the properties of being recharged or discharged at room temperature. According to the Honda officials, the novel battery is very favorable in terms of environmental footprint in comparison to the commonly used lithium batteries. The current question is whether it can withstand the drop in temperatures and do well below the room temperature. The 10 times more of energy density can help even drive an electric car. Thus, the current discovery is quite interesting even though there may be a lot of shortcomings. The major consequence is the complete anode and cathode dissolution in the electrolyte.
The team’s unified work on high operating temperature conundrum solution is sure to help set the standards high as the making of the non-dissolving cathode and anode will be a single hands play for them. This lab breakthrough when it reaches the open market will gain momentum in the long run. But transforming the lab products into feasible and easily manufacturing things is another task. The battery research is basically looking for clean energy revolution ahead. Now, MIT researchers have made use of an oil barrier between the aluminum electrode and the electrolyte so as to extend the life of inexpensive, compact, plus lightweight metal-air batteries.